Verbs can be classified as transitive or intransitive.

Transitive

A transitive verb always has a direct object - a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb. The object shows who or what completes the action expressed in the verb.

James hit the ball

  • Hit is a transitive verb
  • The direct object is ball
  • Ball tells you what James hit

Roger eats a big breakfast every morning

  • Eats is a transitive verb
  • The direct object of eats is breakfast
  • Breakfast tells you what Roger eats

Intransitive

An intransitive verb doesn't have an object. It doesn't need an object to complete the action expressed in the verb.

The little girl sat quietly in the char Margaret walked slowly down the street

Sat and walked are intransitive verbs. They don't have a direct object to complete ore receive the action.

Transitive and intransitive

Some verbs can be either transitive and intransitive, depending on how they are used in the sentence.

We read the news with great care.

In this example read is transitive and gas the direct object news.

We read until late at night.

In this example read is intransitive. There is no object to receive or complete the action.

Collocations

We read the news with great care.   1
Roger eats a big breakfast every morning.   1

Words

of an extent, amount, or intensity considerably above average

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