Churchill was the son of a politician and, before becoming a Conservative MP in 1900, was a soldier and journalist. In May 1940 he became Prime Minister. He refused to surrender to the Nazis and was an inspirational leader to the British people in a time of hardship. He lost the General Election in 1945 but returned as Prime Minister in 1951.
He was an MP until he stood down at the 1964 General Election. Following his death in 1965, he was given a state funeral. He remains a much-admired figure to this day, and in 2002 was voted the greatest Briton of all time by the public. During the War, he made many famous speeches including lines which you may still hear:
I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat Churchill's first speech to the House of Commons after he became Prime Minister, 1940
We shell fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender speech to the House of Commons after Dunkirk, 1940
Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few Speech to the House of Commons during the Battle of Britain, 1940
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